4 Free Online Tools for Examining Suspicious PDFs

In an earlier post I outlined 6 free local tools for examining PDF files. There are also several handy web-based tools you can use for analyzing suspicious PDFs without having to install any tools. These online tools automate the scanning of PDF files to identify malicious components. The list includes PDF Examiner, Jsunpack, Wepawet and Gallus.

PDF Examiner

PDF Examiner by Malware Tracker is able to scan the uploaded PDF for sveral known expoits, allows the user to explore the structure of the file, as well as examine, decode and dump PDF object contents. This tools lends itself well to manual PDF analysis tasks. In this way, it differs from Jsunpack and Wepawet, which focus on automating the analysis as much as possible.

Jsunpack

Jsunpack by Blake Hartstein is designed for automatically examining and deobfuscating JavaScript. Its features also include carving contents of network packet capture (PCAP) files and identifying common client-side exploits. It can also examine PDF files for malicious JavaScript artifacts. (The example I uploaded used Flash, rather than PDF, so Jsunpack didn’t locate malicious artifacts in this case.)

Wepawet

Wepawet by UCSB Computer Security Lab is an automated tool for identifying malicious client-side components in the form of PDF, Flash and JavaScript elements. (However, it did not flag the PDF file I uploaded as malicious.) Like Jsunpack, its strength is in examining JavaScript for shellcode and suspicious actions.

Gallus

Gallus by MyCERT is an on-line scanner for PDF files, which is able to identify common exploits. Its present implementation seems to focus on JavaScript, and it was unable to identify the PDF sample that included a Flash-based exploit as malicious.

Multi-Engine Antivirus Scanners

If you merely need to know whether antivirus products identify a particular PDF file as malicious, without gaining much insight into the file’s inner-workings, you can upload the PDF to free online services that scan files using multiple antivirus engines. The options include: VirusTotal, Jotti’s Malware Scan, Filterbit and VirSCAN.

Flash and Online PDF Analysis Tools

To capture the screen shots above, I used the same “The Obama Administration and the Middle East.pdf” file I mentioned in my posting How to Extract Flash Objects from Malicious PDF Files. While attackers have historically used JavaScript, that file demonstrated a relatively recent technique of launching exploits with the help of Flash object instead.

The automated online analysis tools Jsunpack, Wepawet and Gallus weren’t able to handle Flash-based PDF malware, even though they do really well with JavaScript embedded in PDF files. (This is why using Flash in PDFs is more attractive to some attackers at the moment than utilizing JavaScript.) Despite this present limitation, there awe excellent tools that can save you a lot of time. I have no doubts that the developers of these tools will adjust them to handle Flash objects more effectively.

Lenny Zeltser

Blog comments powered by Disqus

  • posted 17 May, 2011